World Heritages in Vietnam
Thang Long Imperial Citadel
Thang Long Imperial Citadel was built in the 11th century under the Ly dynasty in Vietnam, marking the independence of Dai Viet. Built on the ruins of a Chinese fortress in the 7th century, it was the political and power center of Dai Viet during the 13th century. Today, the Imperial Citadel of the 18 Hoang Dieu archaeological site reflects the special Southeast Asian culture in the Red River Delta, the gateway between ancient China and the ancient Kingdom of Champa.
Hoi An ancient town
Hoi An ancient town was a prominent example of a commercial port of Southeast Asia in the 15th to 19th centuries. Hoi An’s architecture and roads reflect the influences of indigenous and foreign cultures. The culture & heritage is mostly from the Cham people whose kingdom originally stretched from Hue to Phan Thiet. The Cham people were originally Hindu. By the 10th century, the influence of Arab traders to Hoi An resulted in some converting to become Muslims.
The second major influence was from the Chinese, firstly from traders but especially the escaping Ming Dynasty armies who after settling in Hoi An for some years moved further south and created Saigon as a major trading port.
The third and last major influence of culture & heritage was from the Vietnamese and is fairly recent and only came after the Cham lost control of this area.
Trang An Complex
Situated in the southern part of the Red River Basin, the Trang An Complex is a population of karst limestone mountains intermingled with valleys and steep cliffs. Explorations have shown that this place appeared archaeological evidence of humanity more than 30,000 years ago. The complex also includes temples, ecological national parks, rice fields, caves and small villages.
Hue Imperial City
As a city of a unified Vietnam in 1802, Huế was not only a political center but also a cultural and religious center under the Nguyễn Dynasty until 1945. The seat of the Nguyễn emperors was the Imperial City, which occupies a large, walled area on the north side of the Perfume River. Inside the citadel was a forbidden city where only the emperors, concubines, and those close enough to them were granted access. The punishment for trespassing was death. Today, a part of the Forbidden City remains, though reconstruction efforts are in progress to maintain it as a historic tourist attraction.
Along the Perfume River from Huế lie numerous other monuments, including the tombs of several emperors, including Minh Mạng, Khải Định, and Tự Đức. Also notable is the Thiên Mụ Pagoda, the largest pagoda in Huế and the official symbol of the city.
The Ho Dynasty, built in the 14th century based on Feng Shui principles, is a testament to Confucian prosperity in the 14th century in Vietnam as well as in East Asia. Based on the Feng Shui, the Ho Lake is home to beautiful scenery that interferes with mountains and plains along the Ma River and Buoi River. The Ho Dynasty is a prominent representative of a new style of the Southeast Asian capital.
My Son Sanctuary
My Son Sanctuary is located in Duy Phu commune, Duy Xuyen district, Quang Nam province, about 69 km from Da Nang city and near the ancient citadel of Tra Kieu. It includes many Cham temples in a valley about 2 km in diameter surrounded by hills. This was the place where the sacrificial worship of the Cham dynasty happened as well as the tombs of the Cham King and royal families. My Son is considered as one of the main centers of Hindu temples in Southeast Asia and is the only heritage of this genre in Vietnam.
Ha Long Bay
Hạ Long Bay is located in Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various shapes and sizes. Ha Long Bay is a center of a larger zone which includes Bai Tu Long Bay to the northeast, and Cat Ba Island to the southwest. Several of the islands are hollow, with enormous caves. Hang Dau Go (Wooden stakes cave) is the largest grotto in the Ha Long area. French tourists visited in the late 19th century, and named the cave Grotte des Merveilles. There are two bigger islands Tuan Chau and Cat Ba that have permanent inhabitants as well as tourist facilities including hotels and beaches. There are a number of beautiful beaches on the smaller islands.