Vietnam has 54 tribes, in which Kinh is the biggest race and takes 90% popularity. Many minority tribes who have their own languages, customs, cultures, lifestyles, etc. made Vietnam an interesting destination to visit. These tribes reside in the moutainous area such as Dalat, Ban Me Thuot, Sapa, Mai Chau, Son La, Cao Bang, etc.
King race who speak Vietnamese official language and some of minority groups such as Chinese, Ngai, San Diu, Cong, Ha Nhi, La Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La, Si La are practicing patriarchy in marriage. That means the children will take on the father’s surname and after marriage, the couple will live with the husband’s family and the wife becomes a member of her husband’s family. The husband will make important decisions for the family.
Almost minority races are practicing matriarchy in marriage. That means children will have the mother’s surnames and after marriage, the couple will move to the wife’s family and the husband becomes a member of the wife’s family. The wife will make important decisions for the family.
There are some Islam groups in Vietnam living in the South, such as Cham, and follow Islam marriage rules. Some groups like Ba La Mon and Bani follow matriarchy as described previously.
As a result of gender equality movement in Vietnam, the current modern families decide where they live after marriage and chooses the condition that best serves their needs. The wife and husband share equal responsibility and decision-making rights. Assets are divided equally between girls and boys in the parent’s wills. 89% of women in working ages are working and are sharing financial responsibilities and rights with men. In that way, we can say Vietnamese women are more equal with men than Japanese and Islam women.