Vietnam territory has three-fourths of the total area (75%) covered by low hills and mountains. There are four main mountain ranges.
North East Mountain range
North East Mountain range (also known as Việt Bắc) extends from the Red River valley to the Gulf of Tonkin. North East Mountain (also known as Viet Bac). It extends from the Red River valley to the Gulf of Tonkin. There are many famous landscapes such as Tam Thanh, Nhi Thanh (Lang Son), Pac Bo, Ban Gioc (Cao Bang), Ba Be (Bac Kan), Yen Tu Mountain, Ha Long Bay – World Heritage (Quang Ninh). Mount Tay Con Linh (Ha Giang) with 2.431m, the highest in the Northeast. The most popular tourist destination of the area and in all of Vietnam is Hạ Long Bay, where cruise ships transport the tourists among the limestone karsts and isles while enjoying luxury on board.
Northwest Mountain range
Northwest Mountain range extends from the northern border (bordering China) to the west of Thanh Hoa province. Here you find another very popular destination – Sapa, which provides its guests with some spectacular photo opportunities. Just neighbour to Sapa is the mountain of Fansipan (Phan Xi Păng) – the highest mountain peak in all of Indochina (comprising Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia), at 3,143 metres. The peak can be visited by cable car. Sapa is also an area where you can meet various minority groups like H’Mong, Dao, Kinh, Tay, Giay, Hoa, Xa Pho.
H’Mong village in Sapa
Northern Truong Son Mountain range
Northern Truong Son Mountain range extends from the west of Thanh Hoa province to the mountains of Quang Nam – Da Nang. It is also known by its French name Annamite Mountain Range. Historically it hosted the Ho Chi Minh trail, an important supply route for the VC during the war. The range marks Vietnam’s border with Laos, is primarily tropical and subtropical jungle. The most popular part is Marple Mountains that are easily accessible from Da Nang and Hoi An.
Southern Truong Son Mountain range
Southern Truong Son Mountain. It is located in the western part of the southern central provinces. After a mass of mountains is a vast area known as the Central Highlands (West Highlands). This legendary land contains many mysteries of plants and animals, especially the unique culture of the tribes. Da Lat – ideal place to retreat from the summer heat and constructed by the French since the late 19th century. The many old French style buildings and villa provide a distinct colonial charm for it visitors.
Đà Lạt mountains and valleys in the mist